Access Management has become an important subject as transportation professionals grapple with the issues of increasing congestion and deteriorating roadway operations. The goal of managing access, whether it be street entrances or individual driveways, is to achieve an optimal balance between what is needed for safe, efficient roadway operations and the need to provide access to adjacent properties and businesses.
The term access management is applied to a number of measures that can be used to enhance a roadway's safety and its ability to move vehicular traffic through management and control of access points to the roadway. These measures include:
Hennepin County has adopted access spacing guidelines that are based on local and national research that shows that crash rates decrease markedly as the spacing between driveways and streets increases. The brochure below contains charts of both Urban and Rural guidelines for access on Hennepin County roads.
An entrance permit is required on County Roads:
A permit is not required if:
The entrance permit process includes:
After the application is submitted to the county, the county staff will often perform a field review and then complete the permit. The permit will be sent to the property owner noting any specific requirements or special provisions. If the county guidelines for design, access spacing or sight distance can not be met, further justification may be required, or additional evaluation and analysis may need to be completed by the property owner.
It should be noted if the entrance is associated with a development undergoing platting, then the preliminary plat reviews and city approvals are necessary prior to issuance of an entrance permit. However, the county encourages early informal submittals of site plans and access proposals prior to the submittal of an entrance permit application to allow County staff to identify any possible issues and give time for discussion and the investigation of mitigation options.
If a permit is issued for an entrance that is later found to be part of a platting or zoning action (that was not previously approved by the City) the entrance permit may be declared null and void. This may result in significant delays to the development project, a possible order to stop work, and requirements for significant changes or removal of the entrance.
Residential Driveway $50 Temporary Entrance $100 Commercial Driveway or Street $200
The permit process normally takes approximately 2 weeks from the application to issuance of the permit to allow construction. However, larger more involved developments can take up to 30 days or longer if complex design issues need to be resolved.
An entrance permit is valid for 1-year from the date of issuance. If construction can not begin within this time period, an extension is available for an additional 6 months upon the written request of the applicant (made prior to the expiration of the permit). An extension can be granted one time without any additional fee. Once the permit expires or if additional extensions are needed, the renewal may require re-submittal of a permit application and payment of the appropriate application fee.
Further Information and Forms:
Robert H. Byers, Senior Transportation Engineer
Phone:(612) 596-0354 FAX: (763) 478-4000
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